Industrialization and Expansion (1877-1913)
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These worksheets help students analyze primary sources and cite evidence supporting various perspectives in the early 20th century debate over immigration restriction.

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Item Type: Worksheet
Date: 2011

This worksheet is designed to help students compare and contrast a political cartoon and a propaganda poster about immigration and restriction from the early twentieth century.

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Item Type: Worksheet
Date: 2011

This cartoon appeared in the weekly humor magazine Judge in 1903. It reflects the alarm among some Americans at the growing number of immigrants from countries in Southern and Eastern Europe (such as Italy, Russia, and Austria-Hungary) and the declining number of immigrants from countries in Northern and Western Europe (such as Ireland and…

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Item Type: Cartoon
Date: 1903

This Wall St. Journal article acknowledges some of the problems that accompanied early-twentieth-century immigration—urban overcrowding, the strain on local resources, threats posed by foreign anarchists—but argues that immigrants should be encouraged to settle outside of U.S. cities and provide needed labor for farms, factories, and…

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Item Type: Newspaper/Magazine
Date: 1904

In 1896 Congress passed a bill which would require all immigrants to be able to read at least 40 words in any language in order to enter the country. The bill was supported by the Immigration Restriction League. They worried that the increasing number of immigrants from Italy and Eastern Europe would drive down wages and never become useful members…

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Item Type: Newspaper/Magazine
Date: Circa 1896

In 1896 Congress passed a bill which would require all immigrants to be able to read at least 40 words in any language in order to enter the country. The bill was supported by the Immigration Restriction League. They worried that the increasing number of immigrants from Italy and Eastern Europe would drive down wages and never become useful members…

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Item Type: Newspaper/Magazine
Date: Circa 1896

This writing prompt serves as an assessment for the activity A Country within a Country: Understanding San Francisco's Chinatown.

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Item Type: Worksheet
Date: 2011

This worksheet is used by students to gather evidence from a gallery walk in the activity A Country within a Country

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Item Type: Worksheet
Date: 2011

In 1896 Congress passed a bill which would require all immigrants to be able to read at least 40 words in any language in order to enter the country. The bill was supported by the Immigration Restriction League. They worried that the increasing number of immigrants from Italy and Eastern Europe would drive down wages and not be able to become…

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Item Type: Pamphlet/Petition
Date: 1896

Starting in the 1890s, many Americans feared that the arrival of large numbers of immigrants from countries in Eastern and Southern Europe was bad for society. They claimed that immigrants could not easily assimilate, or fit in, and that they were willing to work for very low wages. Some people also believed that these immigrants brought diseases…

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Item Type: Newspaper/Magazine
Date: 1904