Great Depression and World War II (1929-1945)
(157 total)

Sort By | Title | Date | Recently Added
Another Soviet poster from shortly after the Nazi invasion of the Soviet Union in June 1941 is this work by A. Kokorekina, in which a Red Army soldier pierces a serpent cleverly coiled into the shape of a swastika. The caption, which translates as "Death to the Fascist Reptile!," is as arresting as the image. The poster's simple color scheme was…

Item Type: Poster/Print
Date: 1941

A Soviet poster shows a Red Army soldier dispatching a gnome-like Hitler. The torn document and discarded mask represent the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact, the treaty of non-aggression signed by Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union and violated when the Nazis invaded Russia on June 22, 1941. This poster was the creation of the Kukryniksy, a collective of…

Item Type: Poster/Print
Date: Circa 1941

This poster, issued in 1943 or 1944, was intended to perpetuate the Nazi myth of "the Jew" as "inciter of war, prolonger of war." As German fortunes in the war begin to decline, myths of a "Jewish conspiracy" made a convenient scapegoat for failing military policies in a war started by Hitler's desire to create a racially "pure" German empire. In…

Item Type: Poster/Print
Date: Circa 1944

A 1943 poster announces a Nazi paper drive. As in the Allied countries, German civilians were expected to contribute to the war effort by recycling materials, rationing food, and buying war bonds. In Nazi Germany, however, such participation was seldom optional. Boys of the age shown in this poster, for example, would have been required to join the…

Item Type: Poster/Print
Date: 1943

This 1930s-era Nazi poster translates as "Don't give, Sacrifice," to the Winterhilfswerk (Winter Aid), a Nazi party charity. The dire economic circumstances in Germany during the 1930s both facilitated the Nazis' rise to power and served as a focal point for expressions of German national unity, including the making of such personal "sacrifices"…

Tags:
Item Type: Poster/Print
Date: Circa 1933

Like many Allied propaganda images from the same period, this Nazi World War II poster focuses on the importance of the role played by civilians in the war effort. Workers in munitions factories and other war-production-related industries were viewed as particularly important. The point made by the juxtapostion of the toiling factory worker with…

Tags:
Item Type: Poster/Print
Date: Circa 1940

A WWII poster urges British women to join the ATS, or Auxiliary Territorial Service, a"woman's army" formed in September 1938 to free as many men as possible for service on the front. The scene in the background suggests one of the Service's primary roles, that of acting as"spotters" for anti-aircraft guns. While the depiction of women in wartime…

Tags:
Item Type: Poster/Print
Date: Circa 1938

This World War II poster urges British officers and other servicemen to"keep mum" (quiet), lest military secrets and other sensitive information fall into the hands of the enemy as a result of careless talk, in this case overheard by a beautiful female spy. However unlikely such a scenario may seem outside the realm of spy movies, in June 1941 the…

Tags:
Item Type: Poster/Print
Date: 1942

This World War II-era poster urges Britons to "Dig for Plenty" by growing their own vegetables in home gardens. Part of the larger "Dig for Victory" campaign that ran in Britain throughout the war, the poster stresses the benefits of growing one's own food, thus preventing scarcity and keeping food prices down. Individuals and families without…

Tags:
Item Type: Poster/Print
Date: 1944

Similar to American efforts of the time, this World War II poster urges British housewives to contribute to the war effort by recycling household materials. With its smaller population and more direct experience of the war (close to 68,000 British civilians were killed during German bombing raids on the British homeland), the United Kingdom…

Tags:
Item Type: Poster/Print
Date: 1940