Items tagged Work (132 total)

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This worksheet helps students to determine the main ideas in The Story of Sadie Frowne, A Brooklyn Sweatshop Girl.

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Item Type: Worksheet
Date: 2012

This worksheet helps students understand the difficult and dangerous working conditions that young female workers experienced in garment factories during the early twentieth century. Students must match quotes from women who worked in garment factories in Chicago in 1910 with a general description of a workplace problem. The quotes were collected…

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Item Type: Worksheet
Date: 2012

Clara Lemlich ignited the 1909 walkout of shirtwaist makers with her call for a general strike. This piece was first published in the New York Evening Journal, November 28, 1909.

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Item Type: Article/Essay
Date: 1909

In 1914 members of Congress were preparing to vote on the the Palmer-Owen Child Labor Bill, which would have banned interstate commerce in goods produced using the labor of children. Lewis Parker was the owner and manager of several textile mills, and he testified before the Congressional Committee on Labor about why his mills used children as…

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Item Type: Government Document
Date: 1914

John Spargo's The Bitter Cry of Children, published in 1906, was among the most influential and widely read accounts of child labor written during the Progressive era. Spargo described work at the coal breaker, the area outside the mine where coal was sorted and organized according to its quality, mostly by young children.

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Item Type: Book (excerpt)
Date: 1906

After the Civil War Confederate leaders and planters argued that their lands, taken (confiscated) by the Union army or abandoned during the war, should be returned to them. Those who wanted freedmen to take over and farm the lands pointed to the success of former slaves in Port Royal, South Carolina. There, former slaves took over farming of the…

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Item Type: Speech
Date: 1865

Between 1942 and 1964, 4.6 million Mexicans came to the United States to perform the much needed but incredibly difficult "stoop work" of planting, tending, and harvesting crops. These men, called braceros, were initially invited by the United States government during World War II, when higher-paying industrial factory jobs lured away existing…

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Item Type: Music/Song
Date: 1942

The majority of braceros who came to the United States performed the most difficult types of agricultural labor: planting, tending, and harvesting crops. This type of work was called "stoop work" because it required laborers to spend all day bent over. Even during the worst years of the Great Depression, growers had a hard time finding people…

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Item Type: Photograph
Date: 1943

Aaron Castañeda Gamez and thousands of other Mexican workers had to pass a series of examinations to enter the bracero program. Recruits reported to centers in Mexico where they were inspected for lice and disease. Braceros' hands were inspected to see if they had calluses, indicating they were familiar with manual labor. They were told to…

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Item Type: Artifact
Date: 1944

The scale of the United States' war production effort during World War II touched every corner of the nation and millions of people. When traditional farm workers left for military service or higher paying jobs in war industries, the U.S. government looked south to Mexico. Several thousands braceros were invited to work in the United States,…

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Item Type: Photograph
Date: 1943