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During the Progressive era, some women believed they could improve conditions for workers through their power as consumers—how they decided what products to buy, and from which stores. At both the local and national levels, women organized consumers' leagues to boycott (not buy from) businesses that didn’t treat its workers well or pay them…

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Item Type: Newspaper/Magazine
Date: 1901

Women, who did most of the shopping in turn-of-the-century households, used their purchasing power to push forward many Progressive reforms. They organized local and national consumers' leagues to boycott businesses that employed unfair labor practices, such as child labor or tenement sweatshop labor. Consumers leagues also "rewarded" good…

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Item Type: Newspaper/Magazine
Date: 1901

Founded in 1903, the Women’s Trade Union League (WTUL) was an organization that brought together working-class women, reformers, and women from wealthy and prominent families. League members believed that working women needed help to gain better wages and working conditions, and that all women shared important values and goals. This seal…

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Item Type: Poster/Print
Date: 1903

In this activity, students work with quantitative data (charts, graphs, and tables) from the 1910 census and the 1911 Dillingham Commission Report to understand the lives of immigrants in the Ellis Island era. The activity includes an option designed for middle school and high school students, as well as a suggested strategy for elementary…

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Item Type: Teaching Activity
Date: 2011

This worksheet is designed to help students focus on the information presented during the first two minutes of theHeaven Will Protect the Working Girl documentary.

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Item Type: Worksheet
Date: 2012

When World War II ended, Ford Motor Company's Highland Park plant, like industrial manufacturers across the country, laid off thousands of women workers and replaced them with inexperienced men. In Highland Park, women members of the United Auto Workers Local 400 organized active protests against the policy, including this picket by 150 women…

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Item Type: Photograph
Date: 1945

This worksheet helps students to analyze and interpret the meaning of an image that appeared on the cover of The Lowell Offering in 1845. The Lowell Offering was a monthly magazine written by the young women who worked in the Lowell textile mills and published from 1840 to 1845.

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Item Type: Worksheet
Date: 2012

This activity asks students to analyze three primary documents about the experiences of young women who worked in textile factories in New England during the 1830s and 1840s. It provides worksheets to guide and support students in writing a paragraph that cites evidence about the documents.

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Item Type: Teaching Activity
Date: 2012

These words and phases from the Heaven Will Protect the Working Girl documentary may be unfamiliar to students.
This is a shortened, edited version of Immigrant Women in the Land of Dollars (excerpt) used in The Pay Envelope: A Role Play activity. It helps students to determine the main ideas of the text by matching summary statements to the paragraphs in which they appear.

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Item Type: Worksheet
Date: 2012