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The Pullman Strike began on May 11, 1894, when Pullman Palace Car Company workers walked off the job in response to severe wage cuts; members of Eugene V. Debs' American Railway Union soon joined in by refusing to work in Pullman cars. U.S. Army troops eventually put down the strike by force, resulting in 13 deaths and hundreds of thousands of…

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Item Type: Poster/Print
Date: Circa 1893

George Pullman, owner of the Pullman Palace Car Company, exemplified the paternalistic "welfare capitalist." Believing that labor unrest was caused by poor pay and living conditions, he initially paid his workers high wages and housed them in a company town (named Pullman) on the outskirts of Chicago, complete with company-owned houses, stores,…

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Item Type: Diary/Letter
Date: 1894

In 1894, the American Railway Union organized a national boycott and strike against all trains hauling Pullman Cars in response to a strike called by workers at the Pullman Palace Car Company. The strike spread across the nation. Strikers were met with the full force of company and government might. Thirty-four people were killed in two weeks of…

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Item Type: Cartoon
Date: 1894