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In this activity, students will look at images from 1919 to explore the nature of the "Red Scare" of the World War I era, and think about it the context of current attitudes toward civil liberties since the September 11th attacks.

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Item Type: Teaching Activity
Date: 2011

This 1960 comic book warns young readers of the dangers ahead should Uncle Sam fail to steer clear of the "Red Iceberg." Published by Impact, an imprint of the anti-communist Catholic Cathechetical Guild, the comic was distributed to thousands of Catholic school children during the Cold War.

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Item Type: Cartoon
Date: 1960

Executive Order 9835, signed by President Truman on March 21, 1947, established a loyalty-security program for the executive branch of the federal government. Federal employees were required to take a political test to identify "subversive" affiliations or tendencies. Past or present members of the Communist Party as well as anyone with a…

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Item Type: Government Document
Date: Circa 1954

This 1949 Herb Block cartoon highlights the dangers to civil liberty and intellectual freedoms many Americans saw posed by overzealous and anti-Communist crusaders in the early years of the Cold War. Such fears were not unfounded: during the postwar years, hundreds of elementary and high school teachers lost their jobs as a result of such…

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Item Type: Cartoon
Date: 1949

During the World War I era, the U.S. experienced a “Red Scare,” or national hysteria about the dangers of communists and radicals. The Red Scare was influenced by wartime patriotism, immigration from eastern Europe, and the Bolshevik revolution in Russia, and fueled by newspaper editorials and cartoons. This cartoon by James P. Alley features a…

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Item Type: Cartoon
Date: 1919

During the World War I era, the U.S. experienced a “Red Scare,” or national hysteria about the dangers of communists and radicals. The Red Scare was influenced by wartime patriotism, immigration from eastern Europe, and the Bolshevik revolution in Russia, and fueled by newspaper editorials and cartoons. This cartoon by Fred Morgan links labor…

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Item Type: Cartoon
Date: 1919

During the spring of 1919, a group of anarchists (known as Galleanists because they were followers of Italian anarchist Luigi Galleani) sent a series of mail bombs to U.S. government officials and judges. On June 2, 1919, one of these bombs exploded at the home of Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer, and he and his family barely escaped death.…

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Item Type: Photograph
Date: 1919

After World War I a "Red Scare" broke out as anxieties about political extremists and radicals led to widespread demonization and political persecution of leftists and immigrants. A series of high-profile events from the late-nineteenth century on, such as the Haymarket Square bombing and the assassination of President McKinley by Leon Czolgosz,…

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Item Type: Cartoon
Date: 1919

This timeline shows the major events of U.S. involvement in World War I and the anti-radical hysteria, known as the “Red Scare,” that also occurred at this time.

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Item Type: Timeline
Date: 1914

An 1888 Puck cartoon pokes fun at an Irish domestic servant, a frequent target of cartoonists and other humorists in the late 19th century. Such depictions, which ranged from relatively harmless "numbskull" humor to more mean-spirited and dehumanizing stereotypes, served to cement the figure of the simple-minded female Irish domestic. These…

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Item Type: Cartoon
Date: 1888