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This short excerpt from ASHP/CML's 30-minute documentary Savage Acts: Wars, Fairs, and Empire 1898-1904 overviews different American perspectives on U.S.

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Item Type: Documentary
Date: 2011

William Jennings Bryan was the Democratic party candidate for President in 1900. He opposed U.S. expansion into the Philippines and often criticized U.S. imperialism in his speeches during and after the 1900 campaign.
In this 1900 speech to Congress, the Republican Senator from Indiana, Albert J. Beveridge, strongly calls for the United States to annex the Philippines.
These worksheets help students follow along with the documentary Savage Acts: Wars, Fairs, and Empire 1898-1904. The worksheets are used in the activity "Active Viewing of Savage Acts."

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Item Type: Worksheet
Date: 2011

This activity is designed to help students understand key ideas from the documentary film Savage Acts: Wars, Fairs, and Empire 1898-1904. The film is divided into short segments with suggested viewing strategies and questions to keep students focused.

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Item Type: Teaching Activity
Date: 2011

Motion pictures were still a novelty at the outbreak of the Philippine War, but film’s ability to generate patriotism and public interest in the war encouraged early filmmakers to produce a number of war films. Several cameramen went to the Philippines to film the military efforts, but recreations of battles filmed in rural New York and New…

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Item Type: TV/Film
Date: 1899

This newspaper article from the St. Louis Post-Dispatch, provided one of the few opportunities for a Filipino to address a U.S. audience about the Philippine Reservation exhibit at the 1904 World’s Fair. The article extensively quotes Vicente Nepomuceno, a Philippine lawyer, member of the Philippine honorary commission, and critic of the…

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Item Type: Newspaper/Magazine
Date: 1904

The Philippine Village exhibition at the 1904 St. Louis World’s Fair included over one thousand Filipino men and women, many from indigenous tribes who were displayed in several “villages.” The Philippine Reservation promoters claimed that U.S. fair visitors could view and come to understand life in the Philippines as it was…

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Item Type: Photograph
Date: 1904

Stereographic photographs were common souvenirs sold at the World’s Fairs. At the 1904 St. Louis World’s Fair, the Philippine village attracted hundreds of thousands of visitors. The U.S. government’s Bureau of Insular Affairs, which oversaw the governing of the Philippines, sponsored the Philippine Reservation as the exhibit was…

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Item Type: Photograph
Date: 1905

In this 1900 speech to Congress, the Republican Senator from Indiana, Albert J. Beveridge, strongly advocates the annexation of the Philippines. The term Malay refers to people from the Malay Peninsula, the Maylay Archipelago, and nearby islands in southeast Asia.

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Item Type: Speech
Date: 1900