Items tagged Philippine-American War (36 total)

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The Philippine Village exhibition at the 1904 St. Louis World’s Fair included over one thousand Filipino men and women, many from indigenous tribes who were displayed in several “villages.” The Philippine Reservation promoters claimed that U.S. fair visitors could view and come to understand life in the Philippines as it was…

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Item Type: Photograph
Date: 1904

This newspaper article from the St. Louis Post-Dispatch, provided one of the few opportunities for a Filipino to address a U.S. audience about the Philippine Reservation exhibit at the 1904 World’s Fair. The article extensively quotes Vicente Nepomuceno, a Philippine lawyer, member of the Philippine honorary commission, and critic of the…

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Item Type: Newspaper/Magazine
Date: 1904

Stereographic photographs were common souvenirs sold at the World’s Fairs. At the 1904 St. Louis World’s Fair, the Philippine village attracted hundreds of thousands of visitors. The U.S. government’s Bureau of Insular Affairs, which oversaw the governing of the Philippines, sponsored the Philippine Reservation as the exhibit was…

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Item Type: Photograph
Date: 1905

From 1898 to 1902, the United States waged a bloody war in the Philippines. Filipinos wanted independence from centuries of Spanish colonial rule. U.S. leaders, however, saw the opportunity to control the Philippines and gain access to markets in Asia. President McKinley argued that the Filipinos could not govern themselves or defend themselves…

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Item Type: Cartoon
Date: 1899

"Droch" was the pen name of Robert Bridges, a critic and editor at Scribner's and Life magazines and a friend to both Woodrow Wilson and Theodore Roosevelt. In this response to Rudyard Kipling's "The White Man's Burden," he opens by sarcastically thanking Kipling for "showing us the way," and goes on to explain why some Americans may not be…

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Item Type: Fiction/Poetry
Date: 1899

During the 1890s, popular songs and sensationalist news coverage played a large role in drumming up support for U.S. intervention and the Spanish-American War. "The Belle of Manila," written in 1898, was one of many pro-war songs that were played in the homes of middle and upper-class families to build Patriotism and romanticize U.S. involvement…

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Item Type: Music/Song
Date: 1898

"The Black KPs" was written by Charles Hillman and Sidney L. Perrin in 1898 to bolster the domestic support for the war in the Philippines. While the sentiment behind the song was considered patriotic, the language in the lyrics are unmistakably racist.

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Item Type: Music/Song
Date: 1898

In February 1899, British novelist and poet Rudyard Kipling wrote a poem entitled "The White Man's Burden: The United States and The Philippine Islands." In this poem, Kipling urged the U.S. to take up the "burden" of empire, as had Britain and other European nations. Published in the February, 1899 issue of McClure's Magazine, the poem coincided…

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Item Type: Fiction/Poetry
Date: 1899

The Anti-Imperialist League was formed on June 15, 1898 to oppose U.S. annexation of the Philippines. Prominent members of the league included author Mark Twain, industrialist and philanthropist Andrew Carnegie, and American Federation of Labor leader Samuel Gompers.

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Item Type: Pamphlet/Petition
Date: 1898