This chart presents historical thinking questions, historical thinking skills, and Common Core reading and writing skills that teachers should consider when planning activities and tasks for students in grades 11 and 12.
This worksheet helps students analyze statistics about the labor force participation of white and African-American women in the decades before, during, and after WWII.
This worksheet helps students analyze a poster created by the U.S. government during World War II that encourages women to take factory jobs.
These words and phrases (some in Spanish) are used as part of the Farmworkers and the Struggle for Economic Justice activity, which includes portions of the documentary The Fight in the Fields: Cesar Chavez and the Farmworkers' Struggle.
This worksheet helps students to analyze a photograph taken by Dorothea Lange in 1937 for the federal government's Farm Security Administration.
In 1965, Mexican and Filipino farmworkers joined together as the United Farm Workers of America (UFWA) to strike against poor working conditions and low wages in California's grape industry. Months on the picket line, however, took their toll, and the threat of violence grew. Under the leadership of César Chavez and Dolores Huerta, in 1967 UFWA…
This 1873 promotional poster for the Grangers features an idealized portrait of the yeoman farmer, with accompanying scenes of social, civic, and domestic life. The Grange (also known as the Patrons of Husbandry) was a coalition of independent farmers that spread through the midwest in the decades after the Civil War. Grange members fought for…
Co-authored by César Chavez and Dolores Huerta, with help from playwright Luis Valdez, the "Plan de Delano" outlined the beliefs and vision of the United Farmworkers of America (UFWA), founded in 1965. The UFWA, whose headquarters were in Delano, California, organized a farmworkers strike and boycott against grape growers that lasted from…
Migratory Mexican field worker's home on the edge of a frozen pea field. Imperial Valley, California.
During the Great Depression, migrant farmworkers from Oklahoma, Texas, Arizona, and Mexico poured into California's rich, agricultural valleys in search of jobs. They worked long hours, were paid only a pittance, and lived in squalid conditions often without electricity or running water. Photographer Dorothea Lange, who lived in California,…