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menuAmerican Social History Project  ·    Center for Media and Learning

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A California Newspaper Deplores the Foreign Miner's Tax

Within months of statehood, the California legislature passed the Foreign Miner’s Tax, which required immigrant miners to pay $20 a month for the privilege of mining in the state. The unbearably high tax drove many Latin American miners back [...]

A California Newspaper Deplores the Foreign Miner's Tax (with text supports)

Within months of statehood, the California legislature passed the Foreign Miner’s Tax, which required immigrant miners to pay $20 a month for the privilege of mining in the state. The unbearably high tax drove many Latin American miners back [...]

Latin American and French Miners Protest the Foreign Miner's Tax

French- and Spanish-speaking miners posted this notice around Sonora County, California in May, 1850. The month before, the California legislature had passed a Foreign Miners’ Tax that required immigrant miners to pay $20 every month for the [...]

Latin American and French Miners Protest the Foreign Miner’s Tax (with text supports)

French- and Spanish-speaking miners posted this notice around Sonora County, California in May, 1850. The month before, the California legislature had passed a Foreign Miners’ Tax that required immigrant miners to pay $20 every month for the [...]

A Chinese Immigrant Tells of Labor in a New Land (shortened, with text supports)

Since their arrival in the United States in the 1850s, Chinese immigrants confronted social, political, and economic discrimination. Many Americans believed that the Chinese posed a threat to white workers and should not be eligible for citizenship. [...]

Chart of Money Shown by Immigrants on Admission to the United States, 1905-1909

Immigration officials asked each new immigrant to report how much money they had. The purpose of the question was to determine whether the immigrant had enough money to reach his or her destination. Officials also wanted to deny admission to anyone [...]

Graph of Percentage of Teens Ages 14-18 Enrolled in School, 1910

Many immigrant teenagers dropped out of school in order to work. Teenage workers often gave their wages to their parents, in order to help pay for their families’ rent, food, and clothing. Teenagers worked in the same types of jobs as their [...]

Graphs of Immigrant Household Relationships by Gender and Ethnicity, 1910

Ellis Island immigrants lived in all sorts of arrangements. If people immigrated by themselves, it was common for them to live as boarders, paying rent, to someone else. Taking in boarders was an important source of income for other immigrant [...]

Graphs of Comparison of School Enrollment by Age, Gender, and Immigrant Group, 1910

The 1910 census counted how many children were enrolled in school (both public and parochial). Studies show that second generation American children (children of immigrants) were more likely to be enrolled in school than immigrant children. Whether [...]

Charts of Immigrants' Connections in the United States, 1908-1909

Immigrants entering the United States told officials whether they were coming to join friends, relatives, or neither. If “neither”, it probably indicated that the person did not know anyone in the United States when he or she arrived. [...]

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