Starting in the 1820s, a group of business owners built textile mills in New England, where for the first time, people could use machines to weave cotton into cloth. The first factories recruited women from rural New England as their labor force. These young women, far from home, lived in boardinghouses next to the mills. In 1834 and 1836, the mill owners reduced wages, increased the pace of work, and raised the rent for the boardinghouses. The young female workers went on strike (they called it “turning out” then) to protest the decrease in wages and increase in rent.
Harriet Hanson Robinson was one of those mill girls; she began work in Lowell when she was ten years old. As an adult, Robinson became a writer and advocate of women’s right to vote. In 1898 she published Loom and Spindle, a memoir of her Lowell experiences, where she included this song that the girls sang during the 1836 strike.
How does this song reflect the comparison between the lives of free workers in the North and slaves in the South?
How do the women strikers use the term "liberty" here?
Source | Harriet Hanson Robinson, Loom and Spindle or Life Among the Early Mill Girls (New York, T. Y. Crowell, 1898), 83–86, from History Matters: The U.S. Survey on the Web, http://historymatters.gmu.edu/d/5714/. Creator | Harriet Hanson Robinson Item Type | Music/Song Cite This document | Harriet Hanson Robinson, “Lowell Strikers Sing (with text supports),” HERB: Resources for Teachers, accessed April 23, 2014, http://herb.ashp.cuny.edu/items/show/1787.