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In September 1935, President Franklin D. Roosevelt sent a letter to clergyman across the United States, asking them whether conditions in their communities had improved since the start of the New Deal. He was particularly interested in people's [...]
In the last months of the Civil War, General William T. Sherman of the Union Army issued Special Field Order Number 15, which set aside more than 400,000 acres of abandoned coastal plantations from South Carolina to Florida for settlement [...]
This worksheet helps students take notes as they watch the Dr. Toer's documentary on the progress and problems experienced by freed slaves during Reconstruction.
As the Civil War was drawing to a close, decisions had to be made about what would happen to the newly emancipated slaves and the land and property of the now defeated Confederates. General William T. Sherman, marching his triumphant Union forces [...]
In 1966, Mexican and Filipino grape pickers in California joined together to strike for better working conditions. Farm workers were excluded from federal laws passed during the 1930s that protected other kinds of workers. As the strike continued [...]
This article, from a popular food magazine, describes the terrible conditions facing tomato pickers in southern Florida. In some cases, workers were being held illegally against their will in virtual slavery by crew bosses. Labor activists, [...]
Migratory Mexican field worker's home on the edge of a frozen pea field. Imperial Valley, California.
During the Great Depression, migrant farmworkers from Oklahoma, Texas, Arizona, and Mexico poured into California's rich, agricultural valleys in search of jobs. They worked long hours, were paid only a pittance, and lived in squalid conditions [...]
Co-authored by César Chavez and Dolores Huerta, with help from playwright Luis Valdez, the "Plan de Delano" outlined the beliefs and vision of the United Farmworkers of America (UFWA), founded in 1965. The UFWA, whose headquarters were in Delano, [...]